Edward James Net
In the 1960's, James Lovelock, through his research on the composition of the atmosphere with NASA, developed the controversial concept now known as Gaia.
Gaia regards the Earth as a living totality, a self regulating system that maintains 'comfortable' conditions for and by life itself. The idea of Gaia brings together all areas of science and this is one of the reasons why it remained largely an unexplored field for many years.
The concept of the earth as a self-maintaining system - Gaia - is now widely accepted as a reputable part of physical science. But this is not just a scientific doctrine. It is also a large and extraordinarily fruitful idea. It affects areas of our life that lie far outside science - for instance politics, psychology, economics, agriculture, industry, ethics and religion. On all these matters it can provide new and useful ways of thinking.